How do I install LibreNMS?
This is currently well documented within the doc folder of the installation files.
Please see the following doc
How do I add a device?
You have two options for adding a new device into LibreNMS.
1: Using the command line via ssh you can add a new device by changing to the directory of your LibreNMS install and typing:
lnms device:add [hostname or ip]
To see all options run:
lnms device:add -h
Please note that if the community contains special characters such as
$then you will need to wrap it in
2: Using the web interface, go to Devices and then Add Device. Enter the details required for the device that you want to add and then click 'Add Host'.
How do I get help?
What are the supported OSes for installing LibreNMS on?
Supported is quite a strong word :) The 'officially' supported distros are:
- Ubuntu / Debian
- Red Hat / CentOS
However we will always aim to help wherever possible so if you are running a distro that isn't one of the above then give it a try anyway and if you need help then jump on the discord server.
Do you have a demo available?
We do indeed, you can find access to the demo here
How does LibreNMS use MIBs?
LibreNMS does not parse MIBs to discover sensors for devices. LibreNMS uses static discovery definitions written in YAML or PHP. Therefore, updating a MIB alone will not improve OS support, the definitions must be updated. LibreNMS only uses MIBs to make OIDs easier to read.
Why do I get blank pages sometimes in the WebUI?
You can enable debug information by setting
APP_DEBUG=true in your .env. (Do not leave this enabled, it could leak private data)
If the page you are trying to load has a substantial amount of data in it then it could be that the php memory limit needs to be increased in config.php.
Why do I not see any graphs?
The easiest way to check if all is well is to run
./validate.php as librenms from within your install directory. This should give you info on why things aren't working.
One other reason could be a restricted snmpd.conf file or snmp view which limits the data sent back. If you use net-snmp then we suggest using the included snmpd.conf file.
How do I debug pages not loading correctly?
A debug system is in place which enables you to see the output from php errors, warnings and notices along with the MySQL queries that have been run for that page.
You can enable debug information by setting
APP_DEBUG=true in your .env. (Do not leave this enabled, it could leak private data) To see additional information, run
./scripts/composer_wrapper.php install, to install additional debug tools. This will add a debug bar at the bottom of every page that will show you detailed debug information.
How do I debug the discovery process?
Please see the Discovery Support document for further details.
How do I debug the poller process?
Please see the Poller Support document for further details.
Why do I get a lot apache or rrdtool zombies in my process list?
If this is related to your web service for LibreNMS then this has been tracked down to an issue within php which the developers aren't fixing. We have implemented a work around which means you shouldn't be seeing this. If you are, please report this in issue 443.
Why do I see traffic spikes in my graphs?
This occurs either when a counter resets or the device sends back bogus data making it look like a counter reset. We have enabled support for setting a maximum value for rrd files for ports.
Before this all rrd files were set to 100G max values, now you can enable support to limit this to the actual port speed.
rrdtool tune will change the max value when the interface speed is detected as being changed (min value will be set for anything 10M or over) or when you run the included script (./scripts/tune_port.php) - see RRDTune doc
SNMP ifInOctets and ifOutOctets are counters, which means they start at 0 (at device boot) and count up from there. LibreNMS records the value every 5 minutes and uses the difference between the previous value and the current value to calculate rate. (Also, this value resets to 0 when it hits the max value)
Now, when the value is not recorded for awhile RRD (our time series storage) does not record a 0, it records the last value, otherwise, there would be even worse problems. Then finally we get the current ifIn/OutOctets value and record that. Now, it appears as though all of the traffic since it stopped getting values have occurred in the last 5 minute interval.
So whenever you see spikes like this, it means we have not received data from the device for several polling intervals. The cause can vary quite a bit: bad snmp implementations, intermittent network connectivity, broken poller, and more.
Why do I see gaps in my graphs?
This is most commonly due to the poller not being able to complete it's run within 300 seconds. Check which devices are causing this by going to /poll-log/ within the Web interface.
When you find the device(s) which are taking the longest you can then look at the Polling module graph under Graphs -> Poller -> Poller Modules Performance. Take a look at what modules are taking the longest and disabled un used modules.
If you poll a large number of devices / ports then it's recommended to run a local recursive dns server such as pdns-recursor.
Running RRDCached is also highly advised in larger installs but has benefits no matter the size.
How do I change the IP / hostname of a device?
There is a host rename tool called renamehost.php in your librenms root directory. When renaming you are also changing the device's IP / hostname address for monitoring.
./renamehost.php <old hostname> <new hostname>
You can also rename a device in the Web UI by going to the device, then clicking settings Icon -> Edit.
My device doesn't finish polling within 300 seconds
We have a few things you can try:
- Disable unnecessary polling modules under edit device.
- Set a max repeater value within the snmp settings for a device. What to set this to is tricky, you really should run an snmpbulkwalk with -Cr10 through -Cr50 to see what works best. 50 is usually a good choice if the device can cope.
Things aren't working correctly?
./validate.php as librenms from within your install.
./validate.php once you've resolved any issues raised.
You have an odd issue - we'd suggest you join our discord server to discuss.
What do the values mean in my graphs?
The values you see are reported as metric values. Thanks to a post on Reddit here are those values:
10^-18 a - atto 10^-15 f - femto 10^-12 p - pico 10^-9 n - nano 10^-6 u - micro 10^-3 m - milli 0 (no unit) 10^3 k - kilo 10^6 M - mega 10^9 G - giga 10^12 T - tera 10^15 P - peta
Why does a device show as a warning?
This is indicating that the device has rebooted within the last 24 hours (by default). If you want to adjust this threshold then you can do so by setting
$config['uptime_warning'] = '86400'; in
config.php. The value must be in seconds.
Why do I not see all interfaces in the Overall traffic graph for a device?
By default numerous interface types and interface descriptions are excluded from this graph. The excluded defaults are:
$config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/loopback/'; $config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/tunnel/'; $config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/virtual/'; $config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/mpls/'; $config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/ieee8023adLag/'; $config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/l2vlan/'; $config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/ppp/'; $config['device_traffic_descr'] = '/loopback/'; $config['device_traffic_descr'] = '/vlan/'; $config['device_traffic_descr'] = '/tunnel/'; $config['device_traffic_descr'] = '/bond/'; $config['device_traffic_descr'] = '/null/'; $config['device_traffic_descr'] = '/dummy/';
If you would like to re-include l2vlan interfaces for instance, you first need to
unset the config array and set your options:
unset($config['device_traffic_iftype']); $config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/loopback/'; $config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/tunnel/'; $config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/virtual/'; $config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/mpls/'; $config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/ieee8023adLag/'; $config['device_traffic_iftype'] = '/ppp/';
How do I migrate my LibreNMS install to another server?
If you are moving from one CPU architecture to another then you will need to dump the rrd files and re-create them. If you are in this scenario then you can use Dan Brown's migration scripts.
If you are just moving to another server with the same CPU architecture then the following steps should be all that's needed:
- Install LibreNMS as per our normal documentation; you don't need to run through the web installer or building the sql schema.
- Stop cron by commenting out all lines in
- Dump the MySQL database
librenmsfrom your old server (
mysqldump librenms -u root -p > librenms.sql)...
- and import it into your new server (
mysql -u root -p librenms < librenms.sql).
- Copy the
rrd/folder to the new server.
- Copy the
config.phpfiles to the new server.
- Check for modified files (eg specific os, ...) with
git statusand migrate them.
- Ensure ownership of the copied files and folders (substitute your user if necessary) -
chown -R librenms:librenms /opt/librenms
- Delete old pollers on the GUI (gear icon --> Pollers --> Pollers)
- Validate your installation (/opt/librenms/validate.php)
- Re-enable cron by uncommenting all lines in
Why is my EdgeRouter device not detected?
If you have
service snmp description set in your config then this will be why, please remove this. For some reason Ubnt have decided setting this value should override the sysDescr value returned which breaks our detection.
If you don't have that set then this may be then due to an update of EdgeOS or a new device type, please create an issue.
Why are some of my disks not showing?
If you are monitoring a linux server then net-snmp doesn't always expose all disks via hrStorage (HOST-RESOURCES-MIB). We have additional support which will retrieve disks via dskTable (UCD-SNMP-MIB). To expose these disks you need to add additional config to your snmpd.conf file. For example, to expose
/dev/sda1 which may be mounted as
/storage you can specify:
Restart snmpd and LibreNMS should populate the additional disk after a fresh discovery.
Why are my disks reporting an incorrect size?
There is a known issue for net-snmp, which causes it to report incorrect disk size and disk usage when the size of the disk (or raid) are larger then 16TB, a workaround has been implemented but is not active on Centos 6.8 by default due to the fact that this workaround breaks official SNMP specs, and as such could cause unexpected behaviour in other SNMP tools. You can activate the workaround by adding to /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf :
What does mean \"ignore alert tag\" on device, component, service and port?
Tag device, component, service and port to ignore alerts. Alert checks will still run. However, ignore tag can be read in alert rules. For example on device, if
devices.ignore = 0 or
macros.device = 1 condition is is set and ignore alert tag is on, the alert rule won't match. The alert rule is ignored.
How do I clean up alerts from my switches and routers about ports being down or changing speed
Some properties used for alerting (ending in
_prev) are only updated when a change is detected, and not every time the poller runs. This means that if you make a permanant change to your network such as removing a device, performing a major firmware upgrade, or downgrading a WAN connection, you may be stuck with some unresolvable alerts.
If a port will be permantly down, it's best practice to configure it to be administratively down on the device to prevent malicious access. You can then only run alerts on ports with
ifAdminStatus = up. Otherwise, you'll need to reset the device port state history.
On the device generating alerts, use the cog button to go to the edit device page. At the top of the device settings pane is a button labelled
Reset Port State - this will clear the historic state for all ports on that device, allowing any active alerts to clear.
Why can't Normal and Global View users see Oxidized?
Configs can often contain sensitive data. Because of that only global admins can see configs.
What is the Demo User for?
Demo users allow full access except adding/editing users and deleting devices and can't change passwords.
Why does modifying 'Default Alert Template' fail?
This template's entry could be missing in the database. Please run this from the LibreNMS directory:
php artisan db:seed --class=DefaultAlertTemplateSeeder
Why would alert un-mute itself?
If alert un-mutes itself then it most likely means that the alert cleared and is then triggered again. Please review eventlog as it will tell you in there.
How do I change the Device Type?
You can change the Device Type by going to the device you would like to change, then click on the Gear Icon -> Edit. If you would like to define custom types, we suggest using Device Groups. They will be listed in the menu similarly to device types.
Editing large device groups gives error messages
If the device group contains large amount of devices, editing it from the UI might cause errors on the form even when all the data seems correct. This is caused by PHP's
max_input_vars-variable. You should be able to confirm that this is the case by inspecting the PHP's error logs.
With the basic installation on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS with Nginx and PHP 8.1 FPM this value can be tuned by editing the file
/etc/php/8.1/fpm/php.ini and adjusting the value of
max_input_vars to be at least the size of the large group. In larger installations a value such as
10000 should suffice.
Where do I update my database credentials?
If you've changed your database credentials then you will need to update LibreNMS with those new details. Please edit
DB_HOST= DB_DATABASE= DB_USERNAME= DB_PASSWORD= DB_PORT=
My reverse proxy is not working
Make sure your proxy is passing the proper variables. At a minimum: X-Forwarded-For and X-Forwarded-Proto (X-Forwarded-Port if needed)
You also need to Set the proxy or proxies as trusted
If you are using a subdirectory on the reverse proxy and not on the actual web server, you may need to set APP_URL and
My alerts aren't being delivered on time
If you're running MySQL/MariaDB on a separate machine or container make sure the timezone is set properly on both the LibreNMS and MySQL/MariaDB instance. Alerts will be delivered according to MySQL/MariaDB's time, so a mismatch between the two can cause alerts to be delivered late if LibreNMS is on a timezone later than MySQL/MariaDB.
My alert templates stopped working
You should probably have a look in the documentation concerning the new template syntax. Since version 1.42, syntax changed, and you basically need to convert your templates to this new syntax (including the titles).
How do I use trend prediction in graphs
As of Ver. 1.55 a new feature has been added where you can view a simple linear prediction in port graphs.
It doesn't work on non-port graphs or consolidated graphs at the time this FAQ entry was written.
To view a prediction:
- Click on any
portgraph of any network device
- Select a
Fromdate to your liking (not earlier than the device was actually added to LNMS), and then select a future date in the
- Click update
You should now see a linear prediction line on the graph.
How do I move only the DB to another server?
There is already a reference how to move your whole LNMS installation to another server. But the following steps will help you to split up an "All-in-one" installation to one LibreNMS installation with a separate database install. *Note: This section assumes you have a MySQL/MariaDB instance
- Stop the apache and mysql service in you LibreNMS installation.
- Edit out all the cron entries in
- Dump your
librenmsdatabase on your current install by issuing
mysqldump librenms -u root -p > librenms.sql.
- Stop and disable the MySQL server on your current install.
- On your new server make sure you create a new database with the standard install command, no need to add a user for localhost though.
- Copy this over to your new database server and import it with
mysql -u root -p librenms < librenms.sql.
- Enter to mysql and add permissions with the following two commands:
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON librenms.* TO 'librenms'@'IP_OF_YOUR_LNMS_SERVER' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD' WITH GRANT OPTION; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON librenms.* TO 'librenms'@'FQDN_OF_YOUR_LNMS_SERVER' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD' WITH GRANT OPTION; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; exit;
- Enable and restart MySQL server.
- Edit your
config.phpfile to point the install to the new database server location.
- Very important: On your LibreNMS server, inside your install directory is a
.envfile, in it you need to edit the
DBHOSTparamater to point to your new server location.
- After all this is done, enable all the cron entries again and start apache.
What are the "optional requirements message" when I add SNMPv3 devices?
When you add a device via the WebUI you may see a little message stating "Optional requirements are not met so some options are disabled". Do not panic. This simply means your system does not contain openssl >= 1.1 and net-snmp >= 5.8, which are the minimum specifications needed to be able to use SHA-224|256|384|512 as auth algorithms. For crypto algorithms AES-192, AES-256 you need net-snmp compiled with
How do I add support for a new OS?
Please see Supporting a new OS if you are adding all the support yourself, i.e. writing all of the supporting code. If you are only able to supply supporting info, and would like the help of others to write up the code, please follow the below steps.
What information do you need to add a new OS?
Please open a feature request in the community forum and provide the output of Discovery, Poller, and Snmpwalk as separate non-expiring https://p.libren.ms/ links :
Please use preferably the command line to obtain the information. Especially, if snmpwalk results in a large amount of data. Replace the relevant information in these commands such as HOSTNAME and COMMUNITY. Use
snmpwalk instead of
snmpbulkwalk for v1 devices.
These commands will automatically upload the data to LibreNMS servers.
./discovery.php -h HOSTNAME -d | ./pbin.sh ./poller.php -h HOSTNAME -r -f -d | ./pbin.sh snmpbulkwalk -OUneb -v2c -c COMMUNITY HOSTNAME . | ./pbin.sh
You can use the links provided by these commands within the community post.
If possible please also provide what the OS name should be if it doesn't exist already, as well as any useful link (MIBs from vendor, logo, etc etc)
What can I do to help?
Thanks for asking, sometimes it's not quite so obvious and everyone can contribute something different. So here are some ways you can help LibreNMS improve.
- Code. This is a big thing. We want this community to grow by the software developing and evolving to cater for users needs. The biggest area that people can help make this happen is by providing code support. This doesn't necessarily mean contributing code for discovering a new device:
- Web UI, a new look and feel has been adopted but we are not finished by any stretch of the imagination. Make suggestions, find and fix bugs, update the design / layout.
- Poller / Discovery code. Improving it (we think a lot can be done to speed things up), adding new device support and updating old ones.
- The LibreNMS main website, this is hosted on GitHub like the main repo and we accept use contributions here as well :)
- Hardware. We don't physically need it but if we are to add device support, it's made a whole lot easier with access to the kit via SNMP.
- If you've got MIBs, they are handy as well :)
- If you know the vendor and can get permission to use logos that's also great.
- Bugs. Found one? We want to know about it. Most bugs are fixed after being spotted and reported by someone, I'd love to say we are amazing developers and will fix all bugs before you spot them but that's just not true.
- Feature requests. Can't code / won't code. No worries, chuck a feature request into our community forum with enough detail and someone will take a look. A lot of the time this might be what interests someone, they need the same feature or they just have time. Please be patient, everyone who contributes does so in their own time.
- Documentation. Documentation can always be improved and every little bit helps. Not all features are currently documented or documented well, there's spelling mistakes etc. It's very easy to submit updates through the GitHub website, no git experience needed.
- Be nice, this is the foundation of this project. We expect everyone to be nice. People will fall out, people will disagree but please do it so in a respectable way.
- Ask questions. Sometimes just by asking questions you prompt deeper conversations that can lead us to somewhere amazing so please never be afraid to ask a question.
How can I test another users branch?
LibreNMS can and is developed by anyone, this means someone may be working on a new feature or support for a device that you want. It can be helpful for others to test these new features, using Git, this is made easy.
Firstly ensure that your current branch is in good state:
If you see
nothing to commit, working directory clean then let's go for it :)
Let's say that you want to test a users (f0o) new development branch (issue-1337) then you can do the following:
git remote add f0o https://github.com/f0o/librenms.git git remote update f0o git checkout issue-1337
Once you are done testing, you can easily switch back to the master branch:
git checkout master
If you want to pull any new updates provided by f0o's branch then whilst you are still in it, do the following:
git pull f0o issue-1337