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Prepare Linux Server

You should have an installed Linux server running one of the supported OS. Make sure you select your server's OS in the tabbed options below. Choice of web server is your preference, NGINX is recommended.

Connect to the server command line and follow the instructions below.

NOTE: These instructions assume you are the root user. If you are not, prepend sudo to the shell commands (the ones that aren't at mysql> prompts) or temporarily become a user with root privileges with sudo -s or sudo -i.

Please note the minimum supported PHP version is 7.2.5

Install Required Packages

apt install software-properties-common
add-apt-repository universe
apt update
apt install acl curl composer fping git graphviz imagemagick mariadb-client mariadb-server mtr-tiny nginx-full nmap php7.4-cli php7.4-curl php7.4-fpm php7.4-gd php7.4-json php7.4-mbstring php7.4-mysql php7.4-snmp php7.4-xml php7.4-zip rrdtool snmp snmpd whois unzip python3-pymysql python3-dotenv python3-redis python3-setuptools
apt install software-properties-common
add-apt-repository universe
apt update
apt install acl curl apache2 composer fping git graphviz imagemagick libapache2-mod-fcgid mariadb-client mariadb-server mtr-tiny nmap php7.4-cli php7.4-curl php7.4-fpm php7.4-gd php7.4-json php7.4-mbstring php7.4-mysql php7.4-snmp php7.4-xml php7.4-zip rrdtool snmp snmpd whois python3-pymysql python3-dotenv python3-redis python3-setuptools
dnf -y install epel-release
dnf module reset php
dnf module enable php:7.3
dnf install bash-completion cronie fping git ImageMagick mariadb-server mtr net-snmp net-snmp-utils nginx nmap php-fpm php-cli php-common php-curl php-gd php-json php-mbstring php-process php-snmp php-xml php-zip php-mysqlnd python3 python3-PyMySQL python3-redis python3-memcached python3-pip rrdtool unzip
dnf -y install epel-release
dnf module reset php
dnf module enable php:7.3
dnf install bash-completion cronie fping git httpd ImageMagick mariadb-server mtr net-snmp net-snmp-utils nmap php-fpm php-cli php-common php-curl php-gd php-json php-mbstring php-process php-snmp php-xml php-zip php-mysqlnd python3 python3-PyMySQL python3-redis python3-memcached python3-pip rrdtool unzip
apt install acl curl composer fping git graphviz imagemagick mariadb-client mariadb-server mtr-tiny nginx-full nmap php7.3-cli php7.3-curl php7.3-fpm php7.3-gd php7.3-json php7.3-mbstring php7.3-mysql php7.3-snmp php7.3-xml php7.3-zip python3-dotenv python3-pymysql python3-redis python3-setuptools rrdtool snmp snmpd whois

Add librenms user

useradd librenms -d /opt/librenms -M -r -s "$(which bash)"

Download LibreNMS

cd /opt
git clone https://github.com/librenms/librenms.git

Set permissions

chown -R librenms:librenms /opt/librenms
chmod 771 /opt/librenms
setfacl -d -m g::rwx /opt/librenms/rrd /opt/librenms/logs /opt/librenms/bootstrap/cache/ /opt/librenms/storage/
setfacl -R -m g::rwx /opt/librenms/rrd /opt/librenms/logs /opt/librenms/bootstrap/cache/ /opt/librenms/storage/

Install PHP dependencies

su - librenms
./scripts/composer_wrapper.php install --no-dev
exit
Sometime when there is a proxy used to gain internet access, the above script may fail. The workaround is to install the composer package manually. For a global installation:
wget https://getcomposer.org/composer-stable.phar
mv composer-stable.phar /usr/bin/composer
chmod +x /usr/bin/composer

Set timezone

See http://php.net/manual/en/timezones.php for a list of supported timezones. Valid examples are: "America/New_York", "Australia/Brisbane", "Etc/UTC". Ensure date.timezone is set in php.ini to your preferred time zone.

vi /etc/php/7.4/fpm/php.ini
vi /etc/php/7.4/cli/php.ini
vi /etc/php.ini
vi /etc/php/7.3/fpm/php.ini
vi /etc/php/7.3/cli/php.ini

Remember to set the system timezone as well.

timedatectl set-timezone Etc/UTC

Configure MariaDB

vi /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf
vi /etc/my.cnf.d/mariadb-server.cnf
vi /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf

Within the [mysqld] section add:

innodb_file_per_table=1
lower_case_table_names=0
systemctl enable mariadb
systemctl restart mariadb
mysql -u root

NOTE: Change the 'password' below to something secure.

CREATE DATABASE librenms CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci;
CREATE USER 'librenms'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON librenms.* TO 'librenms'@'localhost';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
exit

Configure PHP-FPM

cp /etc/php/7.4/fpm/pool.d/www.conf /etc/php/7.4/fpm/pool.d/librenms.conf
vi /etc/php/7.4/fpm/pool.d/librenms.conf
cp /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf /etc/php-fpm.d/librenms.conf
vi /etc/php-fpm.d/librenms.conf
cp /etc/php/7.3/fpm/pool.d/www.conf /etc/php/7.3/fpm/pool.d/librenms.conf
vi /etc/php/7.3/fpm/pool.d/librenms.conf

Change [www] to [librenms]:

[librenms]

Change user and group to "librenms":

user = librenms
group = librenms

Change listen to a unique name:

listen = /run/php-fpm-librenms.sock

If there are no other PHP web applications on this server, you may remove www.conf to save some resources. Feel free to tune the performance settings in librenms.conf to meet your needs.

Configure Web Server

vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/librenms.conf

Add the following config, edit server_name as required:

server {
 listen      80;
 server_name librenms.example.com;
 root        /opt/librenms/html;
 index       index.php;

 charset utf-8;
 gzip on;
 gzip_types text/css application/javascript text/javascript application/x-javascript image/svg+xml text/plain text/xsd text/xsl text/xml image/x-icon;
 location / {
  try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
 }
 location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {
  fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm-librenms.sock;
  fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
  include fastcgi.conf;
 }
 location ~ /\.(?!well-known).* {
  deny all;
 }
}
rm /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
systemctl restart nginx
systemctl restart php7.4-fpm
vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/librenms.conf

Add the following config, edit ServerName as required:

<VirtualHost *:80>
  DocumentRoot /opt/librenms/html/
  ServerName  librenms.example.com

  AllowEncodedSlashes NoDecode
  <Directory "/opt/librenms/html/">
    Require all granted
    AllowOverride All
    Options FollowSymLinks MultiViews
  </Directory>

  # Enable http authorization headers
  <IfModule setenvif_module>
    SetEnvIfNoCase ^Authorization$ "(.+)" HTTP_AUTHORIZATION=$1
  </IfModule>

  <FilesMatch ".+\.php$">
    SetHandler "proxy:unix:/run/php-fpm-librenms.sock|fcgi://localhost"
  </FilesMatch>
</VirtualHost>
a2dissite 000-default
a2enmod proxy_fcgi setenvif rewrite
a2ensite librenms.conf
systemctl restart apache2
systemctl restart php7.4-fpm
vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/librenms.conf

Add the following config, edit server_name as required:

server {
 listen      80;
 server_name librenms.example.com;
 root        /opt/librenms/html;
 index       index.php;

 charset utf-8;
 gzip on;
 gzip_types text/css application/javascript text/javascript application/x-javascript image/svg+xml text/plain text/xsd text/xsl text/xml image/x-icon;
 location / {
  try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
 }
 location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {
  fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm-librenms.sock;
  fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
  include fastcgi.conf;
 }
 location ~ /\.(?!well-known).* {
  deny all;
 }
}

NOTE: If this is the only site you are hosting on this server (it should be :)) then you will need to disable the default site.

Delete the server section from /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

systemctl enable --now nginx
systemctl enable --now php-fpm

Create the librenms.conf:

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/librenms.conf

Add the following config, edit ServerName as required:

<VirtualHost *:80>
  DocumentRoot /opt/librenms/html/
  ServerName  librenms.example.com

  AllowEncodedSlashes NoDecode
  <Directory "/opt/librenms/html/">
    Require all granted
    AllowOverride All
    Options FollowSymLinks MultiViews
  </Directory>

  # Enable http authorization headers
  <IfModule setenvif_module>
    SetEnvIfNoCase ^Authorization$ "(.+)" HTTP_AUTHORIZATION=$1
  </IfModule>

  <FilesMatch ".+\.php$">
    SetHandler "proxy:unix:/run/php-fpm-librenms.sock|fcgi://localhost"
  </FilesMatch>
</VirtualHost>

NOTE: If this is the only site you are hosting on this server (it should be :)) then you will need to disable the default site. rm -f /etc/httpd/conf.d/welcome.conf

systemctl enable --now httpd
systemctl enable --now php-fpm
vi /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/librenms.vhost

Add the following config, edit server_name as required:

server {
 listen      80;
 server_name librenms.example.com;
 root        /opt/librenms/html;
 index       index.php;

 charset utf-8;
 gzip on;
 gzip_types text/css application/javascript text/javascript application/x-javascript image/svg+xml text/plain text/xsd text/xsl text/xml image/x-icon;
 location / {
  try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
 }
 location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {
  fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm-librenms.sock;
  fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
  include fastcgi.conf;
 }
 location ~ /\.(?!well-known).* {
  deny all;
 }
}
rm /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
systemctl reload nginx
systemctl restart php7.3-fpm

SELinux

SELinux not enabled by default

Install the policy tool for SELinux:

dnf install policycoreutils-python-utils

Configure the contexts needed by LibreNMS

semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_content_t '/opt/librenms/html(/.*)?'
semanage fcontext -a -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t '/opt/librenms/(logs|rrd|storage)(/.*)?'
restorecon -RFvv /opt/librenms
setsebool -P httpd_can_sendmail=1
setsebool -P httpd_execmem 1
chcon -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t /opt/librenms/.env

Allow fping

Create the file http_fping.tt with the following contents. You can create this file anywhere, as it is a throw-away file. The last step in this install procedure will install the module in the proper location.

module http_fping 1.0;

require {
type httpd_t;
class capability net_raw;
class rawip_socket { getopt create setopt write read };
}

#============= httpd_t ==============
allow httpd_t self:capability net_raw;
allow httpd_t self:rawip_socket { getopt create setopt write read };

Then run these commands

checkmodule -M -m -o http_fping.mod http_fping.tt
semodule_package -o http_fping.pp -m http_fping.mod
semodule -i http_fping.pp

Additional SELinux problems may be found by executing the following command

audit2why < /var/log/audit/audit.log

SELinux not enabled by default

Allow access through firewall

Firewall not enabled by default

firewall-cmd --zone public --add-service http --add-service https
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone public --add-service http --add-service https

Firewall not enabled by default

Enable lnms command completion

This feature grants you the opportunity to use tab for completion on lnms commands as you would for normal linux commands.

ln -s /opt/librenms/lnms /usr/local/bin/lnms
cp /opt/librenms/misc/lnms-completion.bash /etc/bash_completion.d/

Configure snmpd

cp /opt/librenms/snmpd.conf.example /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf
vi /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf

Edit the text which says RANDOMSTRINGGOESHERE and set your own community string.

curl -o /usr/bin/distro https://raw.githubusercontent.com/librenms/librenms-agent/master/snmp/distro
chmod +x /usr/bin/distro
systemctl enable snmpd
systemctl restart snmpd

Cron job

cp /opt/librenms/librenms.nonroot.cron /etc/cron.d/librenms

NOTE: Keep in mind that cron, by default, only uses a very limited set of environment variables. You may need to configure proxy variables for the cron invocation. Alternatively adding the proxy settings in config.php is possible too. The config.php file will be created in the upcoming steps. Review the following URL after you finished librenms install steps: https://docs.librenms.org/Support/Configuration/#proxy-support

Copy logrotate config

LibreNMS keeps logs in /opt/librenms/logs. Over time these can become large and be rotated out. To rotate out the old logs you can use the provided logrotate config file:

cp /opt/librenms/misc/librenms.logrotate /etc/logrotate.d/librenms

Web installer

Now head to the web installer and follow the on-screen instructions.

http://librenms.example.com/install

The web installer might prompt you to create a config.php file in your librenms install location manually, copying the content displayed on-screen to the file. If you have to do this, please remember to set the permissions on config.php after you copied the on-screen contents to the file. Run:

chown librenms:librenms /opt/librenms/config.php

Final steps

That's it! You now should be able to log in to http://librenms.example.com/. Please note that we have not covered HTTPS setup in this example, so your LibreNMS install is not secure by default. Please do not expose it to the public Internet unless you have configured HTTPS and taken appropriate web server hardening steps.

Add the first device

We now suggest that you add localhost as your first device from within the WebUI.

Troubleshooting

If you ever have issues with your install, run validate.php:

sudo su - librenms
./validate.php

There are various options for getting help listed on the LibreNMS web site: https://www.librenms.org/#support

What next?

Now that you've installed LibreNMS, we'd suggest that you have a read of a few other docs to get you going:

Closing

We hope you enjoy using LibreNMS. If you do, it would be great if you would consider opting into the stats system we have, please see this page on what it is and how to enable it.

If you would like to help make LibreNMS better there are many ways to help. You can also back LibreNMS on Open Collective.