Setting up syslog support

This document will explain how to send syslog data to LibreNMS. Please also refer to the file Graylog.md for an alternate way of integrating syslog with LibreNMS.

Syslog server installation

syslog-ng

For Debian / Ubuntu:

apt-get install syslog-ng

For CentOS / RedHat

yum install syslog-ng

Once syslog-ng is installed, edit the relevant config file (most likely /etc/syslog-ng/syslog-ng.conf) and paste the following:

@version:3.5
@include "scl.conf"

# syslog-ng configuration file.
#
# This should behave pretty much like the original syslog on RedHat. But
# it could be configured a lot smarter.
#
# See syslog-ng(8) and syslog-ng.conf(5) for more information.
#
# Note: it also sources additional configuration files (*.conf)
#       located in /etc/syslog-ng/conf.d/

options {
        chain_hostnames(off);
        flush_lines(0);
        use_dns(no);
        use_fqdn(no);
        owner("root");
        group("adm");
        perm(0640);
        stats_freq(0);
        bad_hostname("^gconfd$");
};


source s_sys {
    system();
    internal();

};

source s_net {
        tcp(port(514) flags(syslog-protocol));
        udp(port(514) flags(syslog-protocol));
};


########################
# Destinations
########################
destination d_librenms {
        program("/opt/librenms/syslog.php" template ("$HOST||$FACILITY||$PRIORITY||$LEVEL||$TAG||$R_YEAR-$R_MONTH-$R_DAY $R_HOUR:$R_MIN:$R_SEC||$MSG||$PROGRAM\n") template-escape(yes));
};

filter f_kernel     { facility(kern); };
filter f_default    { level(info..emerg) and
                        not (facility(mail)
                        or facility(authpriv)
                        or facility(cron)); };
filter f_auth       { facility(authpriv); };
filter f_mail       { facility(mail); };
filter f_emergency  { level(emerg); };
filter f_news       { facility(uucp) or
                        (facility(news)
                        and level(crit..emerg)); };
filter f_boot   { facility(local7); };
filter f_cron   { facility(cron); };

########################
# Log paths
########################
log {
        source(s_net);
        source(s_sys);
        destination(d_librenms);
};

# Source additional configuration files (.conf extension only)
@include "/etc/syslog-ng/conf.d/*.conf"


# vim:ft=syslog-ng:ai:si:ts=4:sw=4:et:

Next start syslog-ng:

service syslog-ng restart

Add the following to your LibreNMS config.php file to enable the Syslog extension:

$config['enable_syslog'] = 1;

rsyslog

If you prefer rsyslog, here are some hints on how to get it working.

Add the following to your rsyslog config somewhere (could be at the top of the file in the step below, could be in rsyslog.conf if you are using remote logs for something else on this host)

# Listen for syslog messages on UDP:514
$ModLoad imudp
$UDPServerRun 514

Create a file called something like /etc/rsyslog.d/30-librenms.conf containing:

# Feed syslog messages to librenms
$ModLoad omprog

$template librenms,"%fromhost%||%syslogfacility%||%syslogpriority%||%syslogseverity%||%syslogtag%||%$year%-%$month%-%$day% %timegenerated:8:25%||%msg%||%programname%\n"

*.* action(type="omprog" binary="/opt/librenms/syslog.php" template="librenms")

& stop

Ancient versions of rsyslog may require different syntax.

This is an example for rsyslog 5 (default on Debian 7):

# Feed syslog messages to librenms
$ModLoad omprog
$template librenms,"%FROMHOST%||%syslogfacility-text%||%syslogpriority-text%||%syslogseverity%||%syslogtag%||%$YEAR%-%$MONTH%-%$DAY% %timegenerated:8:25%||%msg%||%programname%\n"

$ActionOMProgBinary /opt/librenms/syslog.php
*.* :omprog:;librenms

If your rsyslog server is recieving messages relayed by another syslog server, you may try replacing %fromhost% with %hostname%, since fromhost is the host the message was received from, not the host that generated the message. The fromhost property is preferred as it avoids problems caused by devices sending incorrect hostnames in syslog messages.

Add the following to your LibreNMS config.php file to enable the Syslog extension:

$config['enable_syslog'] = 1;

Syslog Clean Up

Can be set inside of config.php

$config['syslog_purge'] = 30;

The cleanup is run by daily.sh and any entries over X days old are automatically purged. Values are in days. See here for more Clean Up Options Link

Client configuration

Below are sample configurations for a variety of clients. You should understand the config before using it as you may want to make some slight changes. Further configuration hints may be found in the file Graylog.md.

Replace librenms.ip with IP or hostname of your LibreNMS install.

Replace any variables in with the relevant information.

syslog

*.*     @librenms.ip

rsyslog

*.* @librenms.ip:514

Cisco ASA

logging enable
logging timestamp
logging buffer-size 200000
logging buffered debugging
logging trap notifications
logging host <outside interface name> librenms.ip

Cisco IOS

logging trap debugging
logging facility local6
logging librenms.ip

Cisco NXOS

logging server librenms.ip 5 use-vrf default facility local6

Juniper Junos

set system syslog host librenms.ip authorization any
set system syslog host librenms.ip daemon any
set system syslog host librenms.ip kernel any
set system syslog host librenms.ip user any
set system syslog host librenms.ip change-log any
set system syslog host librenms.ip source-address <management ip>
set system syslog host librenms.ip exclude-hostname
set system syslog time-format

If you have permitted udp and tcp 514 through any firewall then that should be all you need. Logs should start appearing and displayed within the LibreNMS web UI.

Windows

By Default windows has no native way to send logs to a remote syslog server.

Using this how to you can download Datagram-Syslog Agent to send logs to a remote syslog server (LibreNMS).

Note

keep in mind you can use any agent or program to send the logs. We are just using this Datagram-Syslog Agent for this example.

Link to How to

You will need to download and install "Datagram-Syslog Agent" for this how to Link to Download

External hooks

Trigger external scripts based on specific syslog patterns being matched with syslog hooks. Add the following to your LibreNMS config.php to enable hooks:

$config['enable_syslog_hooks'] = 1;

The below are some example hooks to call an external script in the event of a configuration change on Cisco ASA, IOS, NX-OS and IOS-XR devices. Add to your config.php file to enable.

Cisco ASA

$config['os']['asa']['syslog_hook'][] = Array('regex' => '/%ASA-(config-)?5-111005/', 'script' => '/opt/librenms/scripts/syslog-notify-oxidized.php');

Cisco IOS

$config['os']['ios']['syslog_hook'][] = Array('regex' => '/%SYS-(SW[0-9]+-)?5-CONFIG_I/', 'script' => '/opt/librenms/scripts/syslog-notify-oxidized.php');

Cisco NXOS

$config['os']['nxos']['syslog_hook'][] = Array('regex' => '/%VSHD-5-VSHD_SYSLOG_CONFIG_I/', 'script' => '/opt/librenms/scripts/syslog-notify-oxidized.php');

Cisco IOSXR

$config['os']['iosxr']['syslog_hook'][] = Array('regex' => '/%GBL-CONFIG-6-DB_COMMIT/', 'script' => '/opt/librenms/scripts/syslog-notify-oxidized.php');

Juniper Junos

$config['os']['junos']['syslog_hook'][] = Array('regex' => '/%UI_COMMIT:/', 'script' => '/opt/librenms/scripts/syslog-notify-oxidized.php');