Skip to content

Setting up services

Services within LibreNMS provides the ability to leverage Nagios plugins to perform additional monitoring outside of SNMP. Services can also be used in conjunction with your SNMP monitoring for larger monitoring functionality.

Services must be tied to a device to function properly. A good generic option is to use localhost, but it is suggested to attach the check to the device you are monitoring.

Nagios plugins source

Plugins come from two main sources:

Note: Plugins will only load if they are prefixed with check_. The check_ prefix is stripped out when displaying in the "Add Service" GUI "Type" dropdown list.


Service checks are now distributable if you run a distributed setup. To leverage this, use the dispatch service. Alternatively, you could also replace check-services.php with in cron instead to run across all polling nodes.

If you need to debug the output of then you can add -d to the end of the command - it is NOT recommended to do this in cron.

Firstly, install Nagios plugins.

Debian / Ubuntu: sudo apt install monitoring-plugins Centos: yum install nagios-plugins-all

Note: The plugins are bundled with the pre-build VM and Docker images.

Next, you need to enable the services within config.php with the following:

$config['show_services']           = 1;

This will enable a new service menu within your navbar.


$config['nagios_plugins']   = "/usr/lib/nagios/plugins";


$config['nagios_plugins']   = "/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins";

This will point LibreNMS at the location of the nagios plugins - please ensure that any plugins you use are set to executable. For example:


chmod +x /usr/lib/nagios/plugins/*


chmod +x /usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/*

Finally, you now need to add to the current cron file (/etc/cron.d/librenms typically) like:

*/5 * * * * librenms /opt/librenms/ 1

Now you can add services via the main Services link in the navbar, or via the 'Add Service' link within the device, services page.

Note that some services (procs, inodes, load and similar) will always poll the local LibreNMS server it's running on, regardless of which device you add it to.

Performance data

By default, the check-services script will collect all performance data that the Nagios script returns and display each datasource on a separate graph. LibreNMS expects scripts to return using Nagios convention for the response message structure: AEN200

However for some modules it would be better if some of this information was consolidated on a single graph. An example is the ICMP check. This check returns: Round Trip Average (rta), Round Trip Min (rtmin) and Round Trip Max (rtmax). These have been combined onto a single graph.

If you find a check script that would benefit from having some datasources graphed together, please log an issue on GitHub with the debug information from the script, and let us know which DS's should go together. Example below:

    ./check-services.php -d
    -- snip --
    Nagios Service - 26
    Request:  /usr/lib/nagios/plugins/check_icmp localhost
    Perf Data - DS: rta, Value: 0.016, UOM: ms
    Perf Data - DS: pl, Value: 0, UOM: %
    Perf Data - DS: rtmax, Value: 0.044, UOM: ms
    Perf Data - DS: rtmin, Value: 0.009, UOM: ms
    Response: OK - localhost: rta 0.016ms, lost 0%
    Service DS: {
        "rta": "ms",
        "pl": "%",
        "rtmax": "ms",
        "rtmin": "ms"
    OK u:0.00 s:0.00 r:40.67
    RRD[update /opt/librenms/rrd/localhost/services-26.rrd N:0.016:0:0.044:0.009]
    -- snip --


Services uses the Nagios Alerting scheme where exit code:

    0 = Ok,
    1 = Warning,
    2 = Critical,

To create an alerting rule to alert on service=critical, your alerting rule would look like:

    %services.service_status = "2"


Change user to librenms for example

su - librenms

then you can run the following command to help troubleshoot services.

./check-services.php -d

Service checks polling logic

Service check is skipped when the associated device is not pingable, and an appropriate entry is populated in the event log. Service check is polled if it's IP address parameter is not equal to associated device's IP address, even when the associated device is not pingable.

To override the default logic and always poll service checks, you can disable ICMP testing for any device by switching Disable ICMP Test setting (Edit -> Misc) to ON.

Service checks will never be polled on disabled devices.


In most cases, only Nagios plugins that run against a remote host with the -H option are available as services. However, if you're remote host is running the Check_MK agent you may be able to use MRPE to monitor Nagios plugins that only execute locally as services.

For example, consider the fairly common Nagios plugin. If you added..

cpu_check /usr/lib/nagios/plugins/ -c 95 -w 75 /etc/check_mk/mrpe.cfg on your remote host, you should be able to check its output by configuring a service using the check_mrpe script.

  • Add check_mrpe to the Nagios plugins directory on your LibreNMS server and make it executable.
  • In LibreNMS, add a new service to the desired device with the type mrpe.
  • Enter the IP address of the remote host and in parameters enter -a cpu_check (this should match the name used at the beginning of the line in the mrpe.cfg file).