Dispatcher Service

Status: Release Candidate

The new LibreNMS dispatcher service (librenms-service.py) replaces the old poller service (poller-service.py), improving its reliability. It's mostly a drop in replacement for the old service, but testing is recommended before switching over.

If you are currently using the old poller service, it's strongly recommended that you migrate away - it has a serious defect under certain versions of mysql/mariadb, and may be inadvertently DoS'ing your devices. The new service does not have this issue,

Make sure you uninstall the old poller service before deploying the new service.

The dispatcher does not replace the php scripts, but the cron entries running them. It attempts to do a better job than simple time based scheduling.

External Requirements

A recent version of Python

The LibreNMS service requires Python 3 and some features require behaviour only found in Python3.4+.

Python modules

  • PyMySQL is recommended as it requires no C compiler to install. MySQLclient can also be used, but does require compilation.
  • python-dotenv .env loader
  • redis-py 3.0+ and Redis 5.0+ (if using distributed polling)

These can be obtained from your OS package manager, or from PyPI with the below commands.

pip3 install -r requirements.txt

Redis (distributed polling)

If you want to use distributed polling, you'll need a Redis instance to coordinate the nodes. It's recommended that you do not share the Redis database with any other system - by default, Redis supports up to 16 databases (numbered 0-15). You can also use Redis on a single host if you want

It's strongly recommended that you deploy a resilient cluster of redis systems, and use redis-sentinel.

You should not rely on the password for the security of your system. See https://redis.io/topics/security

MySQL

You should already have this, but the pollers do need access to the SQL database. The LibreNMS service runs faster and more aggressively than the standard poller, so keep an eye on the number of open connections and other important health metrics.

Configuration

Connection settings are required in .env. The .env file is generated after composer install and APP_KEY and NODE_ID are set.

#APP_KEY=   #Required, generated by composer install
#NODE_ID=   #Required, generated by composer install

DB_HOST=localhost
DB_DATABASE=librenms
DB_USERNAME=librenms
DB_PASSWORD=

Distributed Polling Configuration

Once you have your Redis database set up, configure it in the .env file on each node.

REDIS_HOST=127.0.0.1
REDIS_PORT=6379
# OR
REDIS_SENTINEL=192.0.2.1:26379
REDIS_SENTINEL_SERVICE=myservice

REDIS_DB=0
#REDIS_PASSWORD=

Basic Configuration

Additional configuration settings can be set in config.php or directly into the database.

The defaults are shown here - it's recommended that you at least tune the number of workers.

$config['service_poller_workers']              = 24;     # Processes spawned for polling
$config['service_services_workers']            = 8;      # Processes spawned for service polling
$config['service_discovery_workers']           = 16;     # Processes spawned for discovery


//Optional Settings
$config['service_poller_frequency']            = 300;    # Seconds between polling attempts
$config['service_services_frequency']          = 300;    # Seconds between service polling attempts
$config['service_discovery_frequency']         = 21600;  # Seconds between discovery runs
$config['service_billing_frequency']           = 300;    # Seconds between billing calculations
$config['service_billing_calculate_frequency'] = 60;     # Billing interval
$config['service_poller_down_retry']           = 60;     # Seconds between failed polling attempts
$config['service_loglevel']                    = 'INFO'; # Must be one of 'DEBUG', 'INFO', 'WARNING', 'ERROR', 'CRITICAL'
$config['service_update_frequency']            = 86400;  # Seconds between LibreNMS update checks

There are also some SQL options, but these should be inherited from your LibreNMS web UI configuration.

Logs are sent to the system logging service (usually journald or rsyslog) - see https://docs.python.org/3/library/logging.html#logging-levels for the options available.

distributed_poller                             = true;  # Set to true to enable distributed polling
distributed_poller_name                        = null;  # Uniquely identifies the poller instance
distributed_poller_group                       = 0;     # Which group to poll

Fast Ping

The fast ping scheduler is disabled by default. You can enable it by setting the following:

$config['service_ping_enabled'] = true;

Cron Scripts

Once the LibreNMS service is installed, the cron scripts used by LibreNMS are no longer required and must be removed.

Service Installation

A systemd unit file is provided - the sysv and upstart init scripts could also be used with a little modification.

systemd

A systemd unit file can be found in misc/librenms.service. To install run cp /opt/librenms/misc/librenms.service /etc/systemd/system/librenms.service && systemctl enable --now librenms.service

OS-Specific Instructions

RHEL/CentOS

To get the LibreNMS service running under python3.4+ on RHEL-derivatives with minimal fuss, you can use the software collections build:

First, enable SCL's on your system:

CentOS 7

# yum install centos-release-scl

RHEL 7

# subscription-manager repos --enable rhel-server-rhscl-7-rpms

Then install and configure the runtime and service:

# yum install rh-python36 epel-release
# yum install redis
# vi /opt/librenms/config.php
# vi /etc/redis.conf
# systemctl enable --now redis.service
# scl enable rh-python36 bash
# pip install pymysql redis
# cp /opt/librenms/misc/librenms.service.scl /etc/systemd/system/librenms.service
# systemctl enable --now librenms.service

If you want to use another version of python 3, change rh-python36 in the unit file and the commands above to match the name of the replacement scl.

Debian/Ubuntu

Debian 9 (stretch)

install python3 and python-mysqldb. python-dotenv is not yet available, but the testing package is working fine, you can grab it on https://packages.debian.org/fr/buster/all/python3-dotenv/download (the package may be updated and have a new version number).

apt install python3 python-mysqldb
cd /tmp
wget http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/pool/main/p/python-dotenv/python3-dotenv_0.9.1-1_all.deb
dpkg -i python3-dotenv_0.9.1-1_all.deb

Source

Extensions/Dispatcher-Service.md