Skip to content

Auto Discovery Support

Getting Started

LibreNMS provides the ability to automatically add devices on your network, we can do this via a few methods which will be explained below and also indicate if they are enabled by default.

All discovery methods run when discovery runs (every 6 hours by default and within 5 minutes for new devices).

Please note that you need at least ONE device added before auto-discovery will work.

The first thing to do though is add the required configuration options to config.php.

SNMP Details

To add devices automatically we need to know your snmp details, examples of SNMP v1, v2c and v3 are below:

// v1 or v2c
$config['snmp']['community'][] = "my_custom_community";
$config['snmp']['community'][] = "another_community";

// v3
$config['snmp']['v3'][0]['authlevel'] = 'authPriv';
$config['snmp']['v3'][0]['authname'] = 'my_username';
$config['snmp']['v3'][0]['authpass'] = 'my_password';
$config['snmp']['v3'][0]['authalgo'] = 'SHA';
$config['snmp']['v3'][0]['cryptopass'] = 'my_crypto';
$config['snmp']['v3'][0]['cryptoalgo'] = 'AES';

These details will be attempted when adding devices, you can specify any mixture of these.

Allowed Networks

Your Networks

To add devices, we need to know what are your subnets so we don't go blindly attempting to add devices not under your control.


lnms config:set nets.+ ''
lnms config:set nets.+ ''


If you have added a network as above but a single device exists within it that you can't auto add, then you can exclude this with the following:


lnms config:set autodiscovery.nets-exclude.+ ''

Additional Options

Discovering devices by IP

By default we don't add devices by IP address, we look for a reverse dns name to be found and add with that. If this fails and you would like to still add devices automatically then you will need to set $config['discovery_by_ip'] = true;

Short hostnames

If your devices only return a short hostname such as lax-fa0-dc01 but the full name should be then you can set


lnms config:set mydomain

Allow Duplicate sysName

By default we require unique sysNames when adding devices (this is returned over snmp by your devices). If you would like to allow devices to be added with duplicate sysNames then please set


lnms config:set allow_duplicate_sysName true

Discovery Methods

Below are the methods for auto discovering devices. Each one can be enabled or disabled and may have additional configuration options.


Disabled by default.

Adds devices that are listed in another device's arp table. This module depends on the arp-table module being enabled and returning data.

To enable, switch on globally the discovery_modules.discovery-arp or per device within the Modules section.


lnms config:set discovery_modules.discovery-arp true


Enabled by default.

$config['autodiscovery']['xdp'] = false; to disable.

This includes FDP, CDP and LLDP support based on the device type.

The LLDP/xDP links with neighbours will always be discovered as soon as the discovery module is enabled. However, LibreNMS will only try to add the new devices discovered with LLDP/xDP if $config['autodiscovery']['xdp'] = true;.

Devices may be excluded from xdp discovery by sysName and sysDescr.

//Exclude devices by name
$config['autodiscovery']['xdp_exclude']['sysname_regexp'][] = '/host1/';
$config['autodiscovery']['xdp_exclude']['sysname_regexp'][] = '/^dev/';

//Exclude devices by description
$config['autodiscovery']['xdp_exclude']['sysdesc_regexp'][] = '/Vendor X/';
$config['autodiscovery']['xdp_exclude']['sysdesc_regexp'][] = '/Vendor Y/';

Devices may be excluded from cdp discovery by platform.

//Exclude devices by platform(Cisco only)
$config['autodiscovery']['cdp_exclude']['platform_regexp'][] = '/WS-C3750G/';

These devices are excluded by default:

$config['autodiscovery']['xdp_exclude']['sysdesc_regexp'][] = '/-K9W8/'; // Cisco Lightweight Access Point
$config['autodiscovery']['cdp_exclude']['platform_regexp'][] = '/^Cisco IP Phone/'; //Cisco IP Phone


Enabled by default.

$config['autodiscovery']['ospf'] = false; to disable.


Enabled by default.

$config['autodiscovery']['bgp'] = false; to disable.

This module is invoked from bgp-peers discovery module.


Apart from the aforementioned Auto-Discovery options, LibreNMS is also able to proactively scan a network for SNMP-enabled devices using the configured version/credentials.

SNMP Scan will scan nets by default and respects autodiscovery.nets-exclude.

To run the SNMP-Scanner you need to execute the from within your LibreNMS installation directory.

Here the script's help-page for reference:

usage: [-h] [-t THREADS] [-g GROUP] [-l] [-v] [--ping-fallback] [--ping-only] [-P] [network ...]

Scan network for snmp hosts and add them to LibreNMS.

positional arguments:
  network          CIDR noted IP-Range to scan. Can be specified multiple times
                   This argument is only required if 'nets' config is not set
                   Example: will be treated as an RFC3021 p-t-p network with two addresses, and
                   Example: will be treated as a single host address

optional arguments:
  -h, --help       show this help message and exit
  -t THREADS       How many IPs to scan at a time.  More will increase the scan speed, but could overload your system. Default: 32
  -g GROUP         The poller group all scanned devices will be added to. Default: The first group listed in 'distributed_poller_group', or 0 if not specificed
  -l, --legend     Print the legend.
  -v, --verbose    Show debug output. Specifying multiple times increases the verbosity.
  --ping-fallback  Add the device as an ICMP only device if it replies to ping but not SNMP.
  --ping-only      Always add the device as an ICMP only device.
  -P, --ping       Deprecated. Use --ping-fallback instead.

Discovered devices

Newly discovered devices will be added to the default_poller_group, this value defaults to 0 if unset.

When using distributed polling, this value can be changed locally by setting $config['default_poller_group'] in config.php or globally by using lnms config:set.