Rules are defined using a logical language. The GUI provides a simple way of creating basic rules. Creating more complicated rules which may include maths calculations and MySQL queries can be done using macros
Video on how the alert rules work in LibreNMS
Video on how to use alert rule with wildcards
Rules must consist of at least 3 elements: An Entity, a Condition and a Value.
Rules can contain braces and Glues.
Entities are provided from Table and Field from the database. For Example:
Please note that % is not required when adding alert rules via the WebUI. Conditions can be any of:
- Not Equals
- Not Like
- Greater or Equal
- Smaller or Equal
Values can be an entity or any single-quoted data.
Glues can be
Note if you need to use
|| please use a macros
Note: The difference between
Like (and its negation) is that
Equals does a strict comparison and
Like allows the usage of MySQL RegExp.
Arithmetics are allowed as well.
Here are some of the other options available when adding an alerting rule:
- Rule name: The name associated with the rule.
- Severity: How "important" the rule is.
- Max alerts: The maximum number of alerts sent for the event.
- Delay: The amount of time in seconds to wait after a rule is matched before sending an alert out transport.
- Interval: The interval of time in seconds between alerts for an event until Max alert is reached.
- Mute alerts: Disables sending alert rule through alert transport. But will still show the alert in the Web UI.
- Invert match: Invert the matching rule (ie. alert on items that don't match the rule).
You can associate a rule to a procedure by giving the URL of the procedure when creating the rule. Only links like "http://" are supported, otherwise an error will be returned. Once configured, procedure can be opened from the Alert widget through the "Open" button, which can be shown/hidden from the widget configuration box.
- Device goes down:
%devices.status != '1'
- Any port changes:
%ports.ifOperStatus != 'up'
- Root-directory gets too full:
%storage.storage_descr = '/' && %storage.storage_perc >= '75'
- Any storage gets fuller than the 'warning':
%storage.storage_perc >= %storage_perc_warn
- If device is a server and the used storage is above the warning level, but ignore /boot partitions:
%storage.storage_perc > %storage.storage_perc_warn && %devices.type = "server" && %storage.storage_descr !~ "/boot"
- VMware LAG is not using "Source ip address hash" load balancing:
%devices.os = "vmware" && %ports.ifType = "ieee8023adLag" && %ports.ifDescr !~ "Link Aggregation @, load balancing algorithm: Source ip address hash"
- Syslog, authentication failure during the last 5m:
%syslog.timestamp >= %macros.past_5m && %syslog.msg ~ "@authentication [email protected]"
- High memory usage:
%macros.device_up = "1" && %mempools.mempool_perc >= "90" && %mempools.mempool_descr = "[email protected]"
- High CPU usage(per core usage, not overall):
%macros.device_up = "1" && %processors.processor_usage >= "90"
- High port usage, where description is not client & ifType is not softwareLoopback:
%macros.port_usage_perc >= "80" && %port.port_descr_type != "client" && %ports.ifType != "softwareLoopback"
- Alert when mac address is located on your network
%ipv4_mac.mac_address = "2c233a756912"
Alert Rules Collection
You can also select Alert Rule from the Alerts Collection. These Alert Rules are submitted by users in the community :) If would like to submit your alert rules to the collection, please submit them here Alert Rules Collection