NOTE: What follows is a very rough list of commands. I have taken the INSTALL.md and modified it for Lighttpd on Debian 7

NOTE: These instructions assume you are the root user. If you are not, prepend sudo to all shell commands (the ones that aren't at mysql> prompts) or temporarily become a user with root privileges with sudo -s.

On the DB Server

This host is where the MySQL database runs. It could be the same machine as your network management server (this is the most common initial deployment scenario).

** Whilst we are working on ensuring LibreNMS is compatible with MySQL strict mode, for now, please disable this after mysql is installed.

You are free to choose between using MySQL or MariaDB:

MySQL

apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client
mysql -uroot -p

MariaDB

apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client
mysql -uroot -p

Enter the MySQL root password to enter the MySQL command-line interface.

Create database.

CREATE DATABASE librenms CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci;
CREATE USER 'librenms'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON librenms.* TO 'librenms'@'localhost';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
exit

Replace <ip> above with the IP of the server running LibreNMS. If your database is on the same server as LibreNMS, you can just use localhost as the IP address.

If you are deploying a separate database server, you need to change the bind-address. If your MySQL database resides on the same server as LibreNMS, you should skip this step.

vim /etc/mysql/my.cnf

Within the [mysqld] section please add:

innodb_file_per_table=1

Find the line: bind-address = 127.0.0.1

Change 127.0.0.1 to the IP address that your MySQL server should listen on. Restart MySQL:

If you see a line that starts sql-mode then change this to sql-mode="".

service mysql restart

On the NMS

Install necessary software. The packages listed below are an all-inclusive list of packages that were necessary on a clean install of Debian 7.

apt-get install lighttpd php5-cli php5-mysql php5-gd php5-snmp php5-cgi php-pear php5-curl snmp graphviz rrdtool sendmail fping imagemagick whois mtr-tiny nmap ipmitool php5-mcrypt php5-json python-mysqldb snmpd php-net-ipv4 php-net-ipv6 rrdtool git

Adding the librenms-user

useradd librenms -d /opt/librenms -M -r
usermod -a -G librenms www-data

Cloning

You can clone the repository via HTTPS or SSH. In either case, you need to ensure the appropriate port (443 for HTTPS, 22 for SSH) is open in the outbound direction for your server.

cd /opt
git clone https://github.com/librenms/librenms.git librenms
cd /opt/librenms

At this stage you can either launch the web installer by going to http://IP/install.php, follow the onscreen instructions then skip to the 'Web Interface' section further down. Alternatively if you want to continue the setup manually then just keep following these instructions.

cp config.php.default config.php
vim config.php

NOTE: The recommended method of cloning a git repository is HTTPS. If you would like to clone via SSH instead, use the command git clone git@github.com:librenms/librenms.git librenms instead.

Change the values to the right of the equal sign for lines beginning with $config[db_] to match your database information as setup above.

Change the value of $config['snmp']['community'] from public to whatever your read-only SNMP community is. If you have multiple communities, set it to the most common.

Be sure you have no characters (including whitespace like: newlines, spaces, tabs, etc) outside of the <?php?> blocks. Your graphs will break otherwise.

Initialise the database

Initiate the follow database with the following command:

php build-base.php

Create admin user

Create the admin user - priv should be 10

php adduser.php <name> <pass> 10 <email>

Substitute your desired username, password and email address--and leave the angled brackets off.

Web Interface

To prepare the web interface (and adding devices shortly), you'll need to set up Lighttpd.

First, create and chown the rrd directory and create the logs directory

mkdir rrd logs
chown -R librenms:librenms /opt/librenms
chmod 775 rrd

NOTE: If you're planing on running rrdcached, make sure that the path is also chmod'ed to 775 and chown'ed to librenms:librenms.

Next, add the following to /etc/lighttpd/librenms.conf

 server.document-root = "/opt/librenms/html"
 url.rewrite-once = (
   "^/(.*)\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|tiff|svg|png|css|php)$" => "/$0",
   "^/([a-z|0-9\-]+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/" => "/?page=$1&$2&$3&$4&$5&$6&$7&$8&$9&$10",
   "^/([a-z|0-9\-]+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/" => "/?page=$1&$2&$3&$4&$5&$6&$7&$8&$9",
   "^/([a-z|0-9\-]+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/" => "/?page=$1&$2&$3&$4&$5&$6&$7&$8",
   "^/([a-z|0-9\-]+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/" => "/?page=$1&$2&$3&$4&$5&$6&$7",
   "^/([a-z|0-9\-]+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/" => "/?page=$1&$2&$3&$4&$5&$6",
   "^/([a-z|0-9\-]+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/" => "/?page=$1&$2&$3&$4&$5",
   "^/([a-z|0-9\-]+)/(.+)/(.+)/(.+)/" => "/?page=$1&$2&$3&$4",
   "^/([a-z|0-9\-]+)/(.+)/(.+)/" => "/?page=$1&$2&$3",
   "^/([a-z|0-9\-]+)/(.+)/" => "/?page=$1&$2",
   "^/([a-z|0-9\-]+)/$" => "/?page=$1"
 )

Next, add the following to /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf

 $HTTP["host"] == "example.com" { include "librenms.conf" }

And enable mod_rewrite by uncommenting # "mod_rewrite", to "mod_rewrite",

Don't forget to change 'example.com' to your domain

Enable fastcgi in Lighttpd by running the following commands,

 lighty-enable-mod fastcgi
 lighty-enable-mod fastcgi-php

And add the following to /etc/php5/cgi/php.ini

 cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1

then restart Lighttpd:

service lighttpd restart

Validate your install

Run validate.php as root in the librenms directory

php validate.php

This will check your install to verify it is set up correctly.

Add localhost

php addhost.php localhost public v2c

This assumes you haven't made community changes--if you have, replace public with your community. It also assumes SNMP v2c. If you're using v3, there are additional steps (NOTE: instructions for SNMPv3 to come).

Discover localhost:

php discovery.php -h all

Create cronjob

The polling method used by LibreNMS is poller-wrapper.py, which was placed in the public domain by its author. By default, the LibreNMS cronjob runs poller-wrapper.py with 16 threads. The current LibreNMS recommendation is to use 4 threads per core. The default if no thread count is 16 threads.

If the thread count needs to be changed, you can do so by editing the cron file (/etc/cron.d/librenms). Just add a number after poller-wrapper.py, as in the below example:

/opt/librenms/poller-wrapper.py 12 >> /dev/null 2>&1

Create the cronjob

cp librenms.nonroot.cron /etc/cron.d/librenms

Copy logrotate config

LibreNMS keeps logs in /opt/librenms/logs. Over time these can become large and be rotated out. To rotate out the old logs you can use the provided logrotate config file:

cp misc/librenms.logrotate /etc/logrotate.d/librenms

Daily Updates

LibreNMS performs daily updates by default. At 00:15 system time every day, a git pull --no-edit --quiet is performed. You can override this default by editing your config.php file. Remove the comment (the # mark) on the line:

#$config['update'] = 0;

so that it looks like this:

$config['update'] = 0;

Install complete

Please allow for 2-3 runs of the poller-wrapper for data to start appearing in the WebUI. If you don't see data after this, please refer to the FAQ for assistance.

That's it! You now should be able to log in to http://librenms.example.com/. Please note that we have not covered HTTPS setup in this example, so your LibreNMS install is not secure by default. Please do not expose it to the public Internet unless you have configured HTTPS and taken appropriate web server hardening steps.

It would be great if you would consider opting into the stats system we have, please see this page on what it is and how to enable it.